Burundi

POWER Ex-Post Evaluation Final Report

Description of the document: Promoting Opportunities for Women’s Economic Empowerment in Rural Africa (POWER Africa) aimed to increase the financial inclusion of direct beneficiaries and their households in Ethiopia, Rwanda, Cote d’Ivoire and Burundi through forming savings groups, providing financial education, and linking mature groups to formal financial institutions. In Burundi, CARE worked in partnership with the local NGO, Great Lakes Inkinga Development, to target adolescent girls; the hardest hit by a combination of poverty, conflict, violence, societal disintegration, and sexual exploitation. The evaluation focuses on the program’s contribution to the empowerment of adolescent girls in Burundi with a particular focus on assessing the contribution of program activities to supporting adolescent girls develop income-generating activities. POWER Africa adapted their approach to ensure the intervention and engagement strategies were tailored to working with adolescent girls in Burundi. POWER Africa accomplished this through sensitization sessions to gain community acceptance of the program, by adapting the VSLA training schedule, by changing meeting times, and by responding to challenges encountered by girls during implementation. Positive outcomes reported by CARE related to business success were also supported by interviews conducted in the field. However, the extent to which participation resulted in adolescent girls establishing one or more IGA varies and CARE monitoring data shows that at least 1 in 5 girls did not establish IGAs. It was confirmed that key factors that contribute to IGA success, as identified by CARE, still hold. Girls without support are less able to establish IGAs and have relatively less successful IGAs. However, they are not necessary conditions. For example, the four girls that did not have continuous family support attributed overcoming their difficulties to being a member of the VSLA. Findings that girls who are in school reported higher incomes, that girls with community support are more able to invest in livestock, and that girls with access to land have more IGA opportunities, still hold. POWER Africa’s identification that male control of female-owned assets, loss of assets upon marriage, household responsibilities and constraints on mobility are key constraints for adolescent girls to benefit from IGA opportunities, still holds. During program implementation, many girls encountered barriers as a result of their newfound economic independence. The program actively sought to address these constraints with some success, however there is evidence to suggest a number of challenges remain. This is to be expected as social norms can take time to change. Lastly, regarding sustainability, the field research supported the idea that some of the IGAs created by the girls as a result of POWER Africa VSLA membership are sustainable as all of the girls said they still have their IGAs and plan to continue them in the future. All of the girls also planned to continue their membership of the VSLAs. Findings also suggest that the POWER Africa program positively influenced social norms relating to what activities are considered acceptable for girls to take part in, male control over assets and that participants are more resilient to environmental and economic shocks as a result of their improved financial position.

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Promoting Opportunities for Women’s Economic Empowerment Project Analysis of Effects of Linkage

This report focuses on the effects of CARE’s POWER/PROFIR (Promoting Opportunities for Women’s Economic Empowerment) project on the financial health of village savings and loans groups in Cote d’Ivoire and Rwanda. The project is a collaboration between CARE Canada, Access Africa, and MasterCard Foundation. CARE International is one of the world’s leading organizations in the promotion of Village Savings and Loan Associations (VSLAs) in Africa, reaching more than 3.5 million people in 26 countries. CARE’s POWER project aims to determine the relative benefit of formal financial links for savings groups, households and individuals, and banks in Burundi, Ethiopia, Cote d’Ivoire, and Rwanda. However, this report only focuses on the two latter countries. For Rwanda, CARE‘s POWER project is called PROFIR (Promoting Financial Inclusion in Rwanda). [49 pages] Read More...

Qualitative Assessment of the Effectiveness of Gender Transformative Programming on Changing Gender and Social Norms and Women’s Empowerment

The “Win-Win for Gender, Agriculture and Nutrition: Testing a Gender-Transformative Approach from Asia in Africa” is a project aimed at establishing a comparison between a gender-transformative model to achieve gender equality (the “EKATA” model), and a gender-mainstreamed approach in the agriculture sector (“Gender-Light model”), in which basic activities around gender are integrated into a program whose principle focus and measures of success are women’s economic empowerment through agriculture and micro-enterprise development.

The qualitative research is using in-depth interviews and Focus Group Discussions(FGDs) of a subset of women and their spouses who are participating in the program. For the in-depth interviews, 30 people (22 women and their spouses) were selected and are followed every year to document different pathways to empowerment. They were randomly selected from a strata of all women interviewed at baseline to reflect different social economic and marital status. On the other hand, 106 people (45 men and 61 women) participated in a total of ten FGDs. [42 pages]
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Socio-Economic and Financial Profitability Analysis of Rice Seed Production by Women Groups “Nawe Nuze” in the framework of “Win Win” Program in Burundi

mplemented in 6 communes of Kirundo and Gitega provinces in Burundi, the 4-year research program tests an innovative approach « gender transformative » for the agriculture sector. The approach begins with the development of critical thinking aiming at defying discriminatory social beliefs and norms, via a reflective model, community dialogue and collective action. CARE is evaluating how this innovative approach could improve gender equity and the way a particular attention on power relations and a wake of conscience could produce durable effects on food security, nutrition and population economic well-being. The ultimate goal of this research is to compare (1) a model of gender transformative (EKATA4 model) for gender equity and (2) a typical gender integration approach in the agriculture model (gender light model (light, normal or usual). [63 pages] Read More...

Relation Entre La Masculinite et l’Inclusion Financiere

L’étude sur la relation entre la masculinité et l’inclusion financière des jeunes filles commanditée par Care international au Burundi s’inscrit dans le cadre d’explorer les relations de pouvoirs existant entre les hommes/garçons et les femmes/jeunes filles en faveur de plus d’égalité et d’équité comme un des facteurs clés à l’autonomisation économique de la jeune fille.

L’inclusion financière est abordée dans ses aspects d’accès à l’information, d’acquisition des connaissances, d’accès et utilisation effective des produits et services financiers à savoir : l’ouverture de compte, l’épargne, le crédit, le transfert monétaire et les moyens de payement. [76 pages] Read More...

The Win-Win for Gender, Agriculture and Nutrition Project Midline Assessment

Results of the midline assessment report for The Win-Win for Gender, Agriculture and Nutrition Project. [18 pages] Read More...

Etude d’Evaluation de la Phase Pilote de Connexion des Groupes AVEC aux Services Financiers Formels

Ce rapport présente les résultats d’une étude, commanditée par CARE International au Burundi, pour évaluer la phase pilote de la connexion des groupes VSLAs aux services financiers formels. L’objectif général de cette étude était de faire une évaluation qualitative et quantitative de la phase pilote de la connexion deces groupes, de faire un diagnostic stratégique de cette connexion et de dégager des recommandations qui pourraient tracer des pistes pour en faire une réplication de manière durable, pérenne et moins coûteuse. [71 pages]
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Projet Win Win Etude Qualitative Genre

CARE Burundi et ses partenaires mettent en œuvre le projet "gagnant-gagnant pour le genre, l'agriculture et la nutrition: testant une approche de genre transformatrice d'Asie en Afrique". Il s'agit d'un projet de recherche de quatre ans, mis en œuvre dans six communes des deux provinces de Kirundo et Gitega au Burundi, pour tester une approche novatrice et transformatrice de genre pour le secteur agricole qui commence par développer une conscience critique et défier les croyances discriminatoires et les normes sociales à travers un modèle de réflexion, un dialogue communautaire et une action collective. CARE et ses partenaires sont en train de tester la manière dont cette approche pourra améliorer l’égalité des genres et la façon dont l'accent mis sur les relations de pouvoir et comment la prise de conscience peut également produire des effets durables sur la sécurité alimentaire, la nutrition et le bien-être économique. [57 pages] Read More...

Improving Sexual and Reproductive Health of Adolescents and Youth in Burundi

The objective of the baseline study for the Joint Program "Menyumenyeshe" is to determine the baseline situation through 7 indicators identified by the consortium at the beginning of the program implementation. This willbe used as the basis to compare to the final evaluation in 2020 to measure the progress and achievements / results of the program, and provide recommendations to guide the current and other future programs.

The survey reached successfully 1247 households on an initial sample of 1260 distributed in all 18 provinces of the country.It targeted any young people aged 10-24 years found in the selected households. In these households, 5037 members were registered and 1483 young people and adolescents were successfully interviewed. [120 pages] Read More...

A Win-Win for Gender, Agriculture and Nutrition

The project “A Win-Win for Gender, Agriculture and Nutrition: Testing a Gender- Transformative Approach from Asia in Africa” is a four-year research program, implemented in six communes in the provinces of Kirundo and Gitega in Burundi, to test an innovative, gender-transformative approach for the agriculture sector that starts with developing critical consciousness and challenging discriminatory beliefs and social norms through a model of reflection, community dialogue and collective action. CARE and partners are testing how this approach improves gender equality and how a focus on power relations and consciousness-raising may also yield sustainable effects on food security, nutrition and economic well-being. The project is testing two key approaches (1) a gender-transformative model (the “EKATA”- Empowerment through Knowledge And Transformative Action- model) for gender equality and (2) a typical gender-mainstreamed approach in the agriculture sector (“Gender-Light” model), in which basic gender activities are integrated into a program that has a principal focus and measures of success on women’s economic empowerment through agriculture and micro-enterprise development. The key research question is “What is the added value, and what are the associated costs of applying a gender-transformative approach within a livelihoods intervention, in terms of accelerating lasting transformations in gender equality, food security and economic well- being?”[66 pages] Read More...

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