refugees

Rapid Gender Analysis Brief Ukrainian Refugees in Moldova

Since the escalation of the war in Ukraine on 24 February 2022, Moldova has been one of the countries in the region hosting people from Ukraine. Communities, as well as local, national and international non-governmental organisations (INGOs), have mobilised to support the refugees with basic needs and services. To date – 28 June – a total of 8,402,336 border crossings from Ukraine have been recorded, with 5,493,437 individual refugees from Ukraine recorded across Europe.1 As of 4 July, 521,549 individuals from Ukraine have arrived in Moldova; 334,903 or 64 per cent are female, of which 25 per cent are girls; and 186,646 or 36 per cent are male, of which 46 per cent are boys2. The majority (92 per cent) of those arriving are Ukrainian and 8 per cent are third country nationals (TCNs).3 No verifiable disability-disaggregated data has been identified and a Rapid Gender Analysis (RGA) by Action Aid on 27 April reported that there is no data on Roma populations or the registration of transgender people. Read More...

Rapid Gender Analysis Brief Ukrainian Refugees in Romania

Since the escalation of the war in Ukraine on 24 February 2022, there has been an outpouring of kindness, solidarity and support in the form of basic goods and services from the Government and people of Romania to Ukrainian refugees.
As of 1 June 2022, 1,098,326 Ukrainians refugees have arrived in Romania. Of these, only 84,470 (7.7 per cent) have remained in Romania.1 Of those arriving in Romania, 54 per cent are adult women, 32 per cent are children and 14 per cent are adult men. The top five counties hosting refugees are Bucharest, Constanta, Brasov, Galati and Iasi.
This Rapid Gender Analysis (RGA) brief highlights the most significant gender and protection issues for refugees from Ukraine in Romania and sets out key recommendations to address them. The RGA brief was conducted jointly by CARE/SERA, the Federation for Child Protection, the Federation for Social Services and Plan International in Romania.

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Improved WASH Services to the Myanmar Refugees Population in camps 15 (Jamtoli) and 16 (Potibonia), Ukhiya Upazila, Cox’s Bazar

Applying both quantitative and qualitative tools and approaches, the end-line assessment was conducted in February 2022. It covers 415 respondents' households from camps 15 and 16—data collection done with tablets in KoBo. The samples were drawn systematically. First, the sample size was determined following the most common statistical formula. The objectives of the study are as follows: 1) To know the present situation context on WASH; 2) To identify the targeted respondent's current Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP).

The study findings reveal the following:
Water
- The most commonly reported primary sources for drinking water were Piped water tap/Tap Stand, reported by 66% of households.
- In terms of water collection, male engagement has been increased. Overall, 86% of households reported women, followed by adult males (55%) and Children (6%). However, the male also helps them when they cook and cloth wash.
- Overall, only 2% of households reported a combined travel and waiting time of more than 30 Water containers.
- Females preferred to get 'Kolsi' (a pitcher) instead of Bucket or Jerrycan for carrying water. On the other hand, male and adolescent children preferred Jerrycan for carrying the water.
- 76% of respondents feel safe collecting enough water to meet their households' needs, such as drinking, cooking, laundry, bathing etc. However, women also reported that they feel unsafe because men go to water points to collect water.
- A significant proportion of households (88%) do not treat drinking water. Because they believe the drinking water source is safe—12% of households use the aqua tab to treat their water.
Sanitation
- The most-reported defecation (sanitation options) for household members five and above was communal latrines 86%, followed by shared latrines 14%, and single-household latrines 7%. Others places (2 %), bucket and open defecation was seldom reported 1%.
- The accessible latrine is one of the beauties of this project. This latrine is included: The railing on the way, The handle inside, The tap, The commode, The single-use.
- The community also thinks that these latrines will be equally helpful for elderlies.
- A significant 79% responded to the affirmative of privacy of latrine use. A significant number of
- 18% of the households' female members use the designated bathing facilities. However, this figure is low because of privacy concerns.
Hygiene
- All (100%) respondents mentioned that they cleaned every time they filled with fresh/clean water. While at the time of hurriedness, that type of cleaning activity has disrupted.
- 100% of households owned soap at the time of the interview. The study further explored other hand washing options/solutions households use when they do not have soap; because of CoVID-19, all respondents, even children, are aware of handwashing. They can recall the critical time of handwashing.
- Regarding the best way to receive health and hygiene messages, 45% stated Home visits by volunteers, and 2nd choice is by the local leaders. However, the study findings also revealed that only 7% of households said they do not know how to prevent diarrhea.
- 69% of females used reusable clothes, 16% used disposable pads. The reusable cloth is the most preferred for use during the menses.
- Most female respondents said they wash and reuse the MHM materials and dispose of way is Household/Trash bin, Throw in the open waste area/communal bins, In the latrine, Bury in the soil, and, Burn them
RECOMMENDATION
- Consideration of men, women and girls carrying water and provide water container that these particular groups prefer;
- The child-to-chid session needs to discuss the importance of Gender Marker because children remove the gender markers frequently, which causes a problem for the women;
- Need to keep attention to the elderly person in terms of WASH facilities along with Persons with Disabilities;
- Video documentaries for hygiene promotion may be more effective together; in this connection, CARE can collaborate with "shongjog" which is the open platform of CwC in Rohingya Camp. Read More...

Knowledge Attitude & Practice (KAP) Survey of WASH Services Project in Dadaab Refugee Camps

The European Commission Directorate General Humanitarian Aid & Civil Protection (ECHO) funded CARE to implement Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) project in Ifo, Dagahaley and Hagadera refugee camps in Dadaab. The overall objective of the project was self-reliance in the provision of essential WASH services for persons of concern in Dadaab refugee camps.
Specifically, the project focused on provision of potable water, managing solid waste disposal and delivering a comprehensive environmental sanitation program that incorporated vector control and health/hygiene promotion for refugees and COVID-19 response. The overall objective of this survey was to examine knowledge, attitudes and practices of the beneficiaries, gaps in the WASH activities in Dagahaley, Ifo and Hagadera camps and to provide information that would improve future programming.
The survey adopted a cross-sectional descriptive research design, and employed quantitative and qualitative methods of data collection which included: Literature Review, 392 Household Surveys, four Key Informant Interviews (KIIs), three Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) and direct observations.
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Assessment on “Improving lives of Rohingya refugees and host community members in Bangladesh through sexual and reproductive healthcare integrated with gender-based violence prevention and response”

In response to the health and protection needs of the Rohingya refugees and the host communities in Cox´s Bazar, CARE is implementing the project “Improving lives of Rohingya refugees and host community members in Bangladesh through sexual and reproductive healthcare integrated with gender-based violence prevention and response” with funding support by German Federal Foreign Office. This is a two year project targeting Rohingya refuges of camp 11, 12, 15 and 16 and vulnerable host communities of Jaliapalong union for GBV and SRH services.

Indicator 1: %of targeted refugee and host community report an improved environment for women and girls following the implementation of SRH and GBV prevention measures
i. 93% respondents have good and very good understanding on available SRH service
ii. Proportion of women who make their own informed decisions regarding sexual relations, contraceptive use and reproductive health care. 17% of interviewed women can make their own informed decisions regarding sexual relations, contraceptive use and reproductive health care.
iii. 32% of interviewed female from both host community and refugee community received both Anti-natal Care (ANC) and Post Natal Care (PNC).
So, we can say that, 47% (average of result of three proxy indicator) of targeted refugee and host community report an improved environment for women and girls following the implementation of SRH prevention measures.
iv. 49% of women and girls reporting feeling safe following the implementation of GBV prevention measures
v. 63% respondents (male 21`% and female 42%) go to community leaders for seeking help when they face any form of violence both in their home and also outside of their home
Here, “56% of targeted refugee and host community report an improved environment for women and girls following the implementation of GBV prevention”
Considering the average result of above GBV and SRH indicators, we can say that, 51.5% of targeted refugee and host community reported an improved environment for women and girls on SRH and GBV prevention measures at the baseline of the project.
Indicator 2: # of people (m/f) accessing services and information on SRH services and GBV prevention and response
Indicator 3: % of refugees and host population who report satisfaction with GBV and SRH assistance
i. 70% respondents from refugee and host community reported full satisfaction with GBV assistance
ii. 87% female and 65% male from refugee and host community reported full satisfaction with SRH assistance. (Among them 67% female from refugee and 20% female from host community, 45% male from refugee community and 20% male from host community)
Indicator 4: % of staff members with improved knowledge on SHR and GBV
Inicator 5: 45% of men and boys who report rejecting intimate partner violence and domestic violence
80% of staff members with improved knowledge on SHR and GBV
Indicator 5: # of women and adolescent girls having received MHM kit
i. Most of the respondents (85%) use reusable clothes
ii. 90% respondents wash and use the cloth again
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Evaluación final Proyecto Alma Llanera I

La presente evaluación es elaborada con el objetivo de valorar la implementación del PROYECTO “ALMA LLANERA”, el cual ha sido ejecutado por CARE Perú.
Para el desarrollo del estudio se implementó una metodología mixta basada en la aplicación de técnicas e instrumentos de tipo cuantitativo y cualitativo. El ámbito geográfico del estudio de base comprende las zonas donde intervino el proyecto, las cuales comprende los departamentos de Tumbes, Piura, La Libertad, Lima y la provincia constitucional del Callao.
Las principales variables analizadas se corresponden con las características básicas del público objetivo (características personales de las beneficiarias, de sus hogares, acceso a servicios de protección y afectación por el COVID-19), la cobertura, la pertinencia del proyecto, la eficacia y el impacto del Proyecto en función a los cambios esperados de su estrategia de intervención (plasmados a través de sus indicadores de impacto y resultados).
Estas variables se analizaron en la población objetivo del proyecto. Los informantes que proporcionaron la información requerida para el estudio fueron principalmente la población migrante y refugiada atendida, trabajadores/as y promotores de salud, funcionarios/as públicos y privados de las entidades públicas locales y el equipo técnico del Proyecto.
En este grupo de informantes se aplicaron encuestas a población migrante y refugiada atendida por el Proyecto, encuestas a trabajadores/as y promotores de salud y se complementó con entrevistas a funcionarios públicos y privados de los Centros de Salud Mental (CSMC), ONG, Asociaciones de Migrantes/Refugiados y Promotores de la Integración. Para el recojo de información, se diseñó un total de 10 formatos de recojo de información primaria, los cuales fueron aplicados durante los meses de octubre y noviembre del 2021, con algunas limitaciones propias de una aplicación por teléfono (llamadas no contestadas, servicios suspendidos, números equivocados) y otras referentes a la disponibilidad del informante (rechazo directo, falta de tiempo).
Como resultado de lo anterior se presentan los siguientes hallazgos: Read More...

RAPPORT D’EVALUATION FINALE DU PROJET D’ASSISTANCE MULTISECTORIELLE AUX REFUGIES, RETOURNES ET AUX COMMUNAUTES HOTES DANS LE SUD DU TCHAD EN MATIERE DE SECURITE ALIMENTAIRE, NUTRITION, PROTECTION ET WASH DE GORE ET DE MOISSALA.

CARE International est l'une des principales organisations humanitaires internationales de lutte contre la pauvreté dans le monde. Elle est présente au Tchad depuis 1974 et intervient dans la zone de Biltine, MARO, GORE, MOISSALA et dans le LAC. Au Sud du Tchad, ses interventions visent principalement les populations réfugiées, les retournés tchadiens de la République Centrafricaine ainsi que les communautés locales les plus pauvres et vulnérables. Suite à l’afflux des nouveaux réfugiés centrafricains au sud du Tchad principalement dans le Département de la NYA-PENDE et du MANDOUL dû à la crise centrafricaine, CARE a obtenu l’appui de BPRM pour le financement du projet dénommé « Projet d’Assistance Multisectorielle aux Refugies, Retournes Et Aux Communautés Hotes Dans Le Sud Du Tchad En Matiere De Securite Alimentaire Et Nutrition, Protection Et Wash à GORE et de MOISSALA».
La mise en œuvre dudit projet BPRM a démarré en septembre 2019 et a ciblé 48158 bénéficiaires (réfugiés, retournés et communautés hôtes vulnérables). Les actions essentielles envers ces différents bénéficiaires s’articulent autour de la sécurité alimentaire et nutritionnelle, accès à la protection et aux mécanismes Wash pour une amélioration du niveau de vie des populations cibles. Après,12 mois de mise en œuvre, une évaluation a été menée auprès des bénéficiaires de l’action pour évaluer les résultats et les effets induits du projet.
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Assistance en abris et protection contre les violences basées sur le genre aux ménages vulnérables parmi les nouveaux réfugiés et de la communauté hôte dans le Département de Bahr Sarah (Moissala) au Sud du Tchad

Présente au Tchad depuis 1974, CARE International est l’une des principales organisations internationales engagées dans la lutte contre la pauvreté et l’injustice sociale. Ses actions sont menées en faveur des populations les plus pauvres parmi lesquelles les communautés hôtes vulnérables, les réfugiés centrafricains et les retournés tchadiens de la RCA notamment dans les Provinces du Moyen Chari, du Logone Oriental et du Mandoul avec l’appui financier de ECHO, BPRM, START FUND, SAF-PAC, UNFPA, MOFA, UNHCR, etc. En effet, dans la zone de Moissala (Département Bar Sarah), le 21 février 2018, un afflux de nouveaux réfugiés en provenance de la RCA a encore été signalé et ce, dans une situation de vulnérabilité due à l’insuffisance des denrées alimentaires, des abris et d’ouvrages sanitaires et où les cas de violence sont récurrents. Ce qui a eu un impact significatif sur les moyens d'existence dans les villages d’accueil.
En réponse aux conséquences humanitaires de cette crise, CARE a obtenu l’appui financier de MOFA GERMANY pour la mise en œuvre du projet dénommé « Assistance en abris et protection contre les violences basées sur le genre aux ménages vulnérables parmi les nouveaux réfugiés et de la communauté hôte dans le Département de Bahr Sarah (Moissala) au Sud du Tchad ». Les besoins humanitaires pour lesquels le projet entend apporter sa contribution concerne trois secteurs majeurs à savoir les abris, les articles ménagers et la protection.
C’est dans ce cadre qu’il est prévu de réaliser cette évaluation finale interne afin de mesurer l’impact du projet, capitaliser les leçons apprises et formuler des recommandations pour l’amélioration des projets futurs.
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Projet : « L’Autonomisation des femmes et des jeunes dans le cadre du projet RESILAC/GENRE, financement DFID

Le projet « L’Autonomisation des femmes et des jeunes dans le cadre du Projet RESILAC» sous le financement DFID est une réponse aux besoins des populations déplacés et hôte de Bagassola, Nguelea 1 et 2, Bol afin de renforcer le genre. D’un coût total 561 000 €, il a été mis en œuvre pour une durée de 11 mois (juin 2019 – avril 2020). Il vise spécifiquement à renforcer le rôle et responsabilité de genre dans le cadre du projet RESILAC.
 Pertinences : Le projet a répondu aux attentes des bénéficiaires, il a contribué à modifier le regard sur le genre et a abordé la constructions sociales et des relations de pouvoir homme/femme, de la perception de leur place et rôle respectif au sein du ménage et de la communauté, le renforcement des mécanismes de prévention/protection et de prise en charge des violences basées sur le genre Formation en leadership pour les membres de groupements (AVEC, groupements de producteurs, groupes de femmes, etc.). Le projet a contribué à travers ses actions, au développement des Plans de développement Locaux. Il a été et reste novateur aujourd’hui dans la province.
 Impact : Le projet a permis de renforcer le cadre légal et institutionnel en matière de genre/VBG. En outre le projet a consolidé la synergie d’action entre les différents acteurs dans le cadre de la prévention et la prise en charge des cas de VBG. Dans le cadre de l’accès des victimes de VBG aux structures adéquates via la synergie d’action entre les acteurs humanitaires de la zone, l’on note aussi que le projet a contribué à la formation des acteurs et/ou les parties prenantes sur le VBG pour une meilleure offre de services et ou compréhension du thématique. Des stratégies de prévention et lutte contre les VBG ont été proposées et fournies aux bénéficiaires et aux services techniques déconcentrés de l’Etat dans la province. L’approche d’intervention des acteurs sur le système de remontée et de gestion de cas de VBG a été améliorée et l’évaluation note un début de changement. L’impact est positif sur les acteurs, notamment ceux des comités départements d’action (CDA) qui est une entité étatique composé des différents services déconcentrés de l’Etat dont le préfet préside les rencontres. Cette entité, veille sur les activités des acteurs humanitaires intervenants dans la zone, etc.

 Efficacité : L’appréciation de l’efficacité se basant sur l’atteinte des résultats à travers la comparaison des réalisations aux prévisions. Il ressort que les activités du Projet ont été réalisées avec un niveau d’efficacité très appréciable. En effet, au-delà de la pertinence de son approche et les résultats positifs obtenus par le projet, les témoignages des bénéficiaires et des acteurs impliqués dans la mise en œuvre corroborent cet état de fait.
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Access Protection Empowerment Accountability and Leadership (APEAL) II project Endline Evaluation

The APEAL II project was a follow on project to APEAL I. The purpose of APEAL 2020 was to Enhance multi-sectoral responses by providing targeted life- saving protection, mental health, Psychosocial support and inclusive services to Congolese refugees and vulnerable host communities in Kyangwali and Kyaka II settlements. APEAL II deferred from APEAL I by; increasing the Consortium members from six (6) to nine (9) after incorporating three (3) organizations, programme scope included changes from GBV to SGBV, disability and Inclusion Services and strengthening the capacity of community structures. The community structures were strengthened to identify, respond, support and refer persons in need of MHPSS, comprehensive rehabilitation, disability and inclusion, protection and SGBV services. The Project operated in a COVID 19 environment which was not present in APEAL 1. As such, the project embedded a specific focus on COVID 19 response.
The European Civil Protection & Humanitarian Aid Operations (ECHO) funded the Project with Euro3,462,889.15 spanning from May 01, 2020 to April 30, 2021.
The project targeted 40,000 beneficiaries split between Kyaka II and Kyangwali refugee settlements and distributed support to 20% of surrounding Host communities and 80% of Refugees. The APEAL II intended to achieve: Enhanced access to timely protection, SGBV, MHPSS and disability and inclusion services, Improved protection mainstreaming and strengthen the capacity of community structures, duty bearers and stakeholders, provide extra capacity in nutrition screening for young children, pregnant and lactating mothers and supportive advocacy for standards setting, and harmonized approaches to refugee protection and MHPSS at the national level.
The APEAL II project end line evaluation was conducted to assess change and impact by comparing data from before and after for APEAL Project implementation. The end line evaluation was constructed on a cross-sectional assessment of intervention focus area, the individual refugees and host community members. Qualitative and quantitative data collection methods were applied with the former utilized to obtain information on project relevance, effectiveness and outcomes from Project key stakeholders including beneficiaries through key informant interviews and focus group discussions. Read More...

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