Provision of lifesaving and sustainable WASH services for Vulnerable Populations in South Darfur and South Kordofan states, and emergency WASH services to Tigray refugees in Gedaref State Endline

This final evaluation conducted for the ended project “Provision of lifesaving and sustainable WASH services for Vulnerable Populations in South Darfur and South Kordofan states, and emergency WASH services to Tigray refugees in Gedarif State”. The evaluation conducted internally by CARE staff led by the MEAL coordinator and the MEAL team in the field with support and cooperation from the project team. The evaluation took place in the three States (South Darfur, South Kordofan and Gedarif States) where project operated. The evaluation team used different methods for data collection including FGDs, KIIs and disk reviews. Voting approach during the conducted 9 FGDs used to determine the % regarding level of satisfaction from project delivered services.
The project contributed to the reduction of morbidity and mortality through increased access to lifesaving and sustainable WASH services for 265,914 914 (71877 women, 69058men, 63740 girls, 61239 boys) vulnerable refugees, IDPs and host community members in South Darfur, South Kordofan, and Gedaref states and preposition essential WASH supplies for any emergency or outbreak, which exceeded the targeted 248017 individuals.
Based on the findings from direct consultation of the project beneficiaries and other stakeholders; the project was implemented in good level of effectiveness and efficiency, and good signs for sustainability for most of it is interventions, this manifested by achieving all the planned interventions, and support targeted beneficiaries to improve access to safe water, sanitation and improve hygiene practices.

Impact Evaluation Fact Sheet

Bangladesh reports the fourth highest prevalence of child marriage (CM) globally, and the highest in South Asia, with 59% of the women aged 20–24 reported being married before the age of 18 and 19% before the age of 15. Globally, reducing CM poses a great challenge to policymakers, program developers, and implementers. Historically, the pace of reduction in CM has been quite slow with Bangladesh as the slowest among the South Asian countries, and recently the rate has stalled. The International Center for Diarrheal Research, Bangladesh(icddr,b) evaluated The Tipping Point Initiative (TPI), an integrated social norms intervention to reduce CM through the promotion of adolescent girls’ agency, creation of supporting relations and transforming norms driving CM. This brief summarizes, to the best of our knowledge, the first study of its kind in Bangladesh and the implications for both policy and practice. Read More...

Understanding the Impact of Addressing Root Causes of Child Marriage

Since 2013, the Tipping Point Initiative has been building evidence of what works to address child, early and forced marriage (CEFM). Our research with girls and their communities identified the social norms and expectations which stood in the way of girls achieving their goals; we then tested how community-led programming can most effectively transform harmful norms and build the agency and collective efficacy of girls to demand their rights and prevent child marriage. Read More...

Child Marriage Global Learning Summary

After nine years of programming, learning, and evaluation, CARE’s Tipping Point Initiative gathered adolescent girl activists, technical advisors from diverse fields, activists fighting for girls’ rights, government officials, and staff to discuss not just what the last decade has taught us but importantly where we want the girls’ rights field to evolve. This summary brief discusses what interventions have demonstrated impact on children, early and forced marriage (CEFM), and girls’ rights. It establishes ways to center girls’ experiences and evidenced-based strategies to facilitate transformative change within the movements, donors, and governments that seek to empower and expand the voices, choices, agency and rights of adolescent girls. Read More...

Provision of lifesaving and sustainable WASH services for Vulnerable Populations in South Darfur and South Kordofan states, and emergency WASH services to Tigray refugees in Gedarif State Baseline

This baseline survey was conducted internally by Care staff leaded by MEAL coordinator, main objective is to collect information on the project designed indicators, the baseline data generated for the intervention areas in South Darfur and South Kordofan States. Baseline data was collected in SD using both quantitative and qualitative methods. In SK the data of the evaluation of the ended ECHO was used as it covers the same areas and same indicators. Consultation involved 253 individuals (118 females, 135 males), 123 were consulted in SD (34 females, 89 males) while 130 were consulted in SK (84 females, 46 males).
All consulted households have no water inside houses (networks), and they have to go to collect water from the sources, the distance to water sources is vary from one to other in addition to quinine time they spend in the sources. Whoever, most of households confirmed they collect more than 5 Jerri Cans per day, but this is not available all the year, and this water is not only for use of peoples, they use it also for animal consumption and irrigating trees.
There are many problems in water sources affecting participants access to safe water, the top rated problems are the high cost of water, continuous breakdown, congested point and far distance to the sources.

Gender-sensitive WASH, Health/SRHR, and Nutrition support to vulnerable communities in East Darfur and South Darfur Project

This baseline study is carried out for the project ‘The Gender-sensitive WASH, Health/SRHR, and Nutrition support to vulnerable communities in East Darfur and South Darfur Project’. The project serves CARE reviews, and builds on CARE learning over many years in the region, respond to the global overviews and the donor GAC interest in saving the lives of conflict affected communities, by provision of urgent humanitarian assistances to 144,173 persons including females, males, girls and boys, from the host, IDPs and refugees’ communities, located in 7 localities in ED and 2 localities in SD. The key live saving activities delivery is designed with gender sensitive prospective focusing PLW and girls in reproductive age and U5 children health and nutrition needs. The project activities include; WASH, Health and nutrition interventions. Read More...

GENDER-BASED VIOLENCE & FOOD INSECURITY: What we know and why gender equality is the answer

This brief delves deeper into the relationship between food insecurity, gender inequality, and gender-based violence (GBV), calling attention to the specific ways in which violence intersects with food insecurity and women’s experience of hunger, particularly within their homes. It highlights how investing in gender transformative approaches doesn’t just make women safer—it helps them access food, helps their families eat more, and can even increase food production overall. Read More...

Impact Evaluation of the Integrated Humanitarian Assistance Project that aiming to Reduce the Secondary Impacts of COVID-19 on the Most Vulnerable Populations in South and East Darfur


Enhancing resilience through improved food security, disaster risk reduction and peaceful co-existence In South and East Darfur

This base line survey conducted for the project “Enhancing resilience through improved food security, disaster risk reduction and peaceful co-existence in South and East Darfur”. The baseline designed to collect data in the targeted communities in South and East Darfur State to assess the situation before start of the project and determine the benchmarks for the designed project indicators. The baseline used multi method for data collection including desk review of project documents, individual interviews with household leaders using structured questioner, FGDs with representatives from different groups in the communities, KIIs with respective institutional.
The targeted areas in East and South Darfur are suffering from Acute and chronic malnutrition, it is widespread and poses a significant public health problem, caused by acute food insecurity, unstable livelihoods, limited health services, poor hygiene practices and lacking access to adequate safe drinking water and sanitation practices.
Women and children travel far distance for fetching water. During the rainy season, people may get poor quality of water which negatively affected their health. The government institutions have very poor capacity and lacking the required logistic to provide good and sustainable water supply.
Women and girls are vulnerable to GBV, especially during their go far distances seeking different services such as water collection, firewood, farming, marketing and markets.
Women also face a very high burden, as they are responsible and participating in all works in the houses such as childcare, farming, fetching water, and transporting products to markets, this negatively affecting children's nutrition and hygiene practices and exacerbates malnutrition. On other hand they have a limited access to resources and income-generating activities, and do not share any responsibilities in community structure, where men only control and have access of most resources and have more decision than women.
According to IPC classification 847,126 people in South Darfur and 124,351 in East Darfur are in IPC Phase 3 or higher and unable to meet their immediate needs. Kass and East Jebel Mara in South Darfur have the highest number of people experiencing acute food insecurity at 25% and 35% respectively, which need urgent intervention to contribute in reduction of acute food insecurity caused by currency devaluation, inflation, and local conflict is hitting both states.

Comprehensive Multisector Need Assessment South Kordofan State

The overall objective of need assessment is to assess the current situation, identify the gaps and needs of the targeted communities and recommend of key interventions that meet the real needs of the targeted people. The data was collected in four sectors:
➢ Food Security and Livelihoods (FSL): Covers the issues that related to, and affecting the livelihood of the targeted people, including the sources of income, capacity of people, opportunities, with giving special consideration to agriculture and animal resources as they are the main activities in the targeted areas.
➢ WASH: Hygiene promotion/awareness and hand washing practices, access to dignified, safe, clean and functional excreta disposal facilities, sufficient and safe water for domestic use, particularly in the targeted locations.
➢ Health and Nutrition: Situation and gaps in health services including public and maternity health. Gap on children nutrition, malnutrition among children and mother’s capacity.
➢ Peace building: Existing of conflicts in the assessed areas including the types and drivers of conflicts and the existing mechanisms of conflicts transformation. The capacity of the targeted communities and need for improving peace. Read More...

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